By Gary Littlejohn (auth.)
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Extra resources for A Sociology of the Soviet Union
19. 20. 41 vagueness, but it should be pointed out that substituting a phrase like 'social inequality' does little to help, unless backed by some theoretical support; on its own the phrase 'social inequality' merely avoids the assumption that forms of social differentiation coalesce into strata. K. Marx, Capital, volume 2, Lawrence & Wishart, London, 1967. K. Marx, Capital, volume 1, Lawrence & Wishart, London, 1970. See G. Littlejohn, 'State, Plan and Market in the Transition to Socialism: The Legacy ofBukharin', Economy and Society, vol.
Source: D. G. Atkinson, 'The Russian Land Commune and the Revolution', 1971, p. 158, citing a 1922 report of the Central Statistical Administration. Problems of a Worker-Peasant Alliance 45 enabled further changes in land tenure to be made as returning soldiers arrived and subsequently as people fled the deteriorating situation in the towns when the civil war developed in 1918. 8 per cent ofagricultura11and was in the hands of peasant cultivators; over 3 million landless peasants had received allotments and gentry property had been virtually eliminated.
In this sense, Lenin's well-known summary 15 of the Marxist position on classes is quite correct: Classes are large groups of people differing from each other by the place they occupy in a historically determined system 24 A Sociology ofthe Soviet Union of social production, by their relation (in most cases fixed and formulated in law) to the means of production, by their role in the social organisation oflabour, and, consequently, by the dimensions of the share of social wealth of which they dispose and the mode of acquiring it.
A Sociology of the Soviet Union by Gary Littlejohn (auth.)