By M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation
upload precision and simplicity to the method of reservoir simulation. until eventually simulation software program and different equipment of reservoir characterization have been constructed, engineers needed to drill various wells to discover the right way to extract crude oil and normal fuel. this day, regardless of hugely refined reservoir simulations software program on hand, reservoir simulation nonetheless consists of loads of guesswork. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation presents a complicated method of petroleum reservoir simulation, taking the guesswork out of the method and depending extra completely on technology and what's recognized in regards to the person reservoir.
This state-of-the-art e-book in petroleum simulation:
Describes resolution recommendations that permit a number of ideas to the total equations, with no linearization.
Solves the main tough reservoir engineering difficulties equivalent to viscous fingering.
Highlights the significance of non-linear solvers on choice tree with clinical argument.
Discusses answer schemes in terms of different disciplines and revolutionizes threat research and determination making.
contains spouse software program with three-D, 3-phase multipurpose simulator code to be had for obtain from www.scrivenerpublishing.com.
via offering a priceless instrument to aid reservoir simulation predictions with genuine technological know-how, this booklet is a necessary reference for engineers, scientists and geologists.
Chapter 1 Reservoir Simulation history (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Reservoir Simulator?input/output (pages 31–81):
Chapter three Reservoir Simulators: difficulties, Shortcomings, and a few answer thoughts (pages 83–114):
Chapter four Mathematical formula of Reservoir Simulation difficulties (pages 115–153):
Chapter five The Compositional Simulator utilizing the Engineering technique (pages 155–244):
Chapter 6 A finished fabric stability Equation for Oil restoration (pages 245–276):
Chapter 7 Modeling Viscous Fingering in the course of Miscible Displacement in a Reservoir (pages 277–337):
Chapter eight in the direction of Modeling wisdom and Sustainable Petroleum construction (pages 339–419):
Chapter nine ultimate Conclusions (pages 421–422):
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Additional info for Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations
Since well logs and geological interpretations are usually available, this preparation should take well logs and geological information into account. The geological framework is the basic inputs in the reservoir characterization and then simulation of fluid flow inside the porous media. This provides the structural style and reservoir architecture, the connectivity of the reservoir rock and the gross thickness trends of the pay. Reservoir architecture includes the gross geometrical structure of the reservoir and its physical dimensions.
This stage of reservoir studies comes out with a geological framework of the structure and reservoir architecture from the different sources of measurement mainly from the seismic data. ) should be viewed only as a means to construct a reliable model of the reservoir rock in the subsurface. ) that are likely to affect the connectivity of the reservoir. The distribution of the reservoir- and non-reservoir-rock types and of the reservoir fluids determine the geometry of the model and influence the type of the model to be used.
The greatest difficulty in this advancement is that the quality of input data did not improve at par with the speed and memory of the computers. As Fig. 3 shows, the data gap remains possibly the biggest challenge in describing a reservoir. Note that the inclusion of large number of grid blocks makes the prediction more arbitrary than that predicted by fewer blocks, if the number of input data points is not increased proportionately. The problem is particularly acute when fractured formation is being modeled.
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations by M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)