By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to town of great. The operation, lower than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here based on a request from François I of France for the help of Sultan Süleyman the fabulous in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused extreme condemnation on non secular grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from authorised international relations. thoughts of the Crusades have been, finally, nonetheless greatly alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel areas the occasions of 1543 and the following wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. counting on modern Ottoman and French resources, it provides the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early glossy period. the result's crucial analyzing for college students and students of ecu background, Ottoman experiences, and of family members among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Additional resources for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
2 Thus French monarchs beginning with Francois I now faced encirclement in Europe by the Habsburgs. Süleyman, who became sultan in 1520 and immediately resumed Ottoman expansion to the west, now faced a Habsburg threat in Eastern Europe, North Africa, and the Mediterranean. François I and Süleyman’s alliance to counter this novel threat from the Habsburg ruler, Charles V, who also inherited claims to Italian territory, appears as the logical if not the inevitable response to this unexpected shift in relative power.
When Paul IV sent an envoy to France to propose an alliance in 1555, he suggested a joint French-Ottoman attack on Naples and Sicily, if war occurred between the Habsburgs and the pope. In April 1556 Paul IV vehemently expressed his opinion of Charles V, whom he had known for over forty years, to the Venetian ambassador at Rome: a thirst for domination, an insufferable pride, a contempt for religion, for we will ask you, what other emperor but Charles would have held councils and so many diets with the intervention of heretics and Lutherans?
Venice persuaded Louis XII not to campaign in Italy but, instead, to support a naval expedition against the Ottomans. 9 Since Bayezid had maintained contacts with western states dating from the years Cem spent in France and Italy, he was aware of the opportunities that the struggle for Italy opened for Ottoman diplomacy. Thus, although fear of Ottoman power led to frequent crusading rhetoric, the concept that it was legitimate for Christian powers to ally with the Ottomans to ensure the state’s survival became an accepted principle that was often put into practice.
Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Christine Isom-Verhaaren