By Jocelyn B. Gerra
The island of Cebu, positioned in relevant Philippines, seemed in Western files essentially as a result of occasions in international historical past. First, while Ferdinand Magellan's fleet lower back to Seville in 1522 after circumnavigating the realm. Cebu arose for the second one time in heritage as a result of discovery of the go back course in the course of the Pacific forty four years after Magellan. except those occasions in maritime heritage, Cebu performed an important function in interisland buying and selling in the course of the pre-Hispanic interval. The Spanish chroniclers observed a truly bright middle of alternate. the products traded by means of the chinese language contain porcelain, gold, slaves and nutrients offers. it may be inferred that via chinese language investors the neighborhood pandays (blacksmiths) obtained carry of iron that they used for other kinds of instruments. within the archaeological websites exposed within the historical district of Cebu, a lot fabric has been came across that wishes additional examine and interpretation. This booklet investigates, for example, chanced on items of a blacksmith's store.
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Additional resources for An Ethnoarchaeological Study of the Blacksmithing Technology in Cebu Island, Philippines
As an archipelago sitting on a very active Pacific tectonic plate, it has about two million kilometres of sea and has its share of very active volcanoes. It is bounded to the north and West by the South China Sea, the Celebes Sea to the south and on the east by the Pacific Ocean. It has three major group of Islands: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Of the three major group of islands Visayas is the smallest of the three in terms of land area. The Visayas group of islands is geographically situated in Central Philippines and comprise the islands of Cebu, Bohol, Leyte, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Samar.
The Blacksmith, his assistants and the forge The forge is a place where metal is annealed. Annealing is a process where metal is heated and hammered into shape. Forging is a way of shaping metal by first heating and then hammering and pressing into shape. It improves the quality of metal, and refines its grain structure to be remarkably free of concealed or internal defects and therefore to have great strength and toughness28. 28 46 John L. Feirer. General Metals. Third Edition (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983), pp.
60 Figure 23. Circular-shaped grinders with holes in the middle attached to rotating metal holders Figure 24. A young man grinding the shank of a bolo 61 Figure 25. Another man on the other end of the electric grinder working on the back of a bolo Figure 26. The traditional way of grinding where the tool is anchored flat on a table and scrape to form with the use of metal file 62 The paste is used to glue the abrasive powder to the grinding/polishing wheel of the machine. The residues are deposited directly under the wheel and around it for approximately 40 centimeters from the center of the deposit.
An Ethnoarchaeological Study of the Blacksmithing Technology in Cebu Island, Philippines by Jocelyn B. Gerra