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Extra info for Armenian Baghesh Bitlis and Taron Mush (Ucla Armenian History and Culture Series. Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, 2)
The dates of the cases range from 1811 to 1911. So the church could not promise these children better lives than those of their parents. If left to private households, they could have a chance to lead a more prosperous life. Most of the abandoned children died a very short while before or after they were discovered. Some others managed to survive thanks to the combined efforts of private families, millet authorities, municipalities, and governorships. These efforts took the form of private adoption by families, state allowances for foundlings, state stipends for wet nurses, and the opening of foundling asylums.
Roch complex, housing a convent, a school, an inﬁrmary, and a crèche for abandoned children, was opened in 1870–1871. 64 The same terminology was also employed by Ahmet Midhat in his 1882 novel Acayib-i Alem (Wonders of the World). 65 Ottomans were interested in learning more about these institutions. William Deans, in his book on the history of the Ottoman Empire, writes, “Nothing excites the horror of the Osmanlis so much as the details of the foundling hospitals, and fearful multitude of natural children in Vienna and Paris.
When an infant was left at a church, religious authorities made the necessary arrangements to entrust the foundling either with a family or a wet nurse. 28 TABLE 3. 11 100 63 100 144 100 The data in this table was prepared from records of almost 150 child abandonment cases gathered from the Ottoman archives. The dates of the cases range from 1811 to 1911. 26 or ph a ns a nd desti t u t e c h i ldr en TABLE 4. 75 100 The data in this table was prepared from records of almost 150 child abandonment cases gathered from the Ottoman archives.
Armenian Baghesh Bitlis and Taron Mush (Ucla Armenian History and Culture Series. Historic Armenian Cities and Provinces, 2) by Richard G. Hovannisian