By Eric B. Kraus, Joost A. Businger
With either the turning out to be value of integrating experiences of air-sea interplay and the curiosity within the common challenge of worldwide warming, the looks of the second one version of this renowned textual content is mainly welcome. completely up-to-date and revised, the authors have retained the obtainable, finished expository type that exotic the sooner version. themes comprise the nation of subject close to the interface, radiation, floor wind waves, turbulent move close to the interface, the planetary boundary layer, atmospherically-forced perturbations within the oceans, and large-scale forcing by means of sea floor buoyancy fluxes. This publication could be welcomed through scholars and execs in meteorology, actual oceanography, physics and ocean engineering.
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Extra info for Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction (Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics)
By the transport of a conservative property down its own gradient). This can be said to include the transport of momentum by viscosity. Entropy can be diminished locally when gradients are sharpened by a flux in the opposite direction. In nature this can be brought about by a coupling of the transports of different properties. The potential for change that exists in a physical system is the subject of the thermodynamics of irreversible processes. The ocean and the atmosphere are open systems which can exchange matter through their boundaries.
The resultant velocity is known as the gradient wind. Such a balance may be approached, for example, in a stationary low pressure system above the ground friction layer. 71). 75) measures the relative magnitude of the frictional to the Coriolis force. 77) that friction may affect motion even at relatively large Reynolds numbers, when the vertical scale, D, is small. This is the case, for example, near a horizontal boundary where major 32 ATMOSPHERE–OCEAN INTERACTION vertical displacements are inevitably suppressed.
Scaling parameters will also be introduced in later chapters, when appropriate. Dimensional scaling factors for the equations of motion may be introduced by where L and D are horizontal and vertical length-scales, respectively, w is a characteristic frequency, and U is a velocity scale. The quantity D/L is known as the aspect ratio. The starred variables are nondimensional and of order unity or smaller. Starred symbols will also be used later to denote vector operations with nondimensional coordinates.
Atmosphere-Ocean Interaction (Oxford Monographs on Geology and Geophysics) by Eric B. Kraus, Joost A. Businger