By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 options that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political strength: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. every one method seeks to counter or undermine neighborhood democratic traits either at domestic and in the course of the former Soviet Union. guidelines corresponding to those are of serious difficulty to the becoming literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra lively of their resistance to democracy. via precise case stories of every approach, this ebook makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian family and overseas guidelines, democratization idea, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy merchandising.
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Ambrosio examines 5 innovations that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political energy: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one process seeks to counter or undermine neighborhood democratic developments either at domestic and in the course of the former Soviet Union.
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Extra info for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
The Kremlin’s reaction to the color revolutions will set up the subsequent five chapters, each of which examines one of the strategies adopted to resist regional democratic trends. Freedom House Overview Every year, Freedom House formulates a numerical value for countries and territories throughout the world in two categories: Political Rights and Civil Liberties. A seven-point scale is utilized with 1 being the most free and 7 being the least free. 0 = ‘Not Free’. 1 depicts the course of democracy in the former Soviet Union since 1991.
For example, the Georgian group Kmara worked with their counterparts in Belarus, named Zubr. Both of these were trained by members of the Otpor! ) movement from Serbia. ), the same slogan that Serbian students used against Milošević, in one of Minsk’s busiest intersections. Before the election campaigns, they received moral support, organizational advice, and financial assistance from NGOs and youth groups which were successful in prior cases. The Ukrainian youth groups—the most prominent of which was Pora!
Consequently, the regional norms of democracy will be replaced by nondemocratic values which actively promote, or at the very least sustain, authoritarianism. Such a process occurred in Southeast Asia through the creation of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in which the organization’s authoritarian members reinforced nondemocratic tendencies in the region. Kuhonta (2006: 338) asserted that ASEAN’s successes in the security realm established a regional ‘illiberal peace’: ‘ASEAN’s zone of peace has brought in its wake a dark undercurrent: the abnegation of democratic values’.
Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union by Thomas Ambrosio