By Vjekoslav Perica
Reporting from the heartland of Yugoslavia within the Nineteen Seventies, Washington put up correspondent Dusko Doder defined "a panorama of Gothic spires, Islamic mosques, and Byzantine domes." 1 / 4 century later, this panorama lay in ruins. as well as claiming tens of hundreds of thousands of lives, the previous Yugoslavia's 4 wars ravaged over 1000 non secular structures, many purposefully destroyed via Serbs, Albanians, and Croats alike, supplying an apt architectural metaphor for the region's contemporary heritage. hardly ever has the human impulse towards monocausality--the want for a unmarried explanation--been in better proof than in Western makes an attempt to make feel of the country's bloody dissolution. From Robert Kaplan's arguable Balkan Ghosts, which pointed out entrenched ethnic hatreds because the motive force at the back of Yugoslavia's death to NATO's dogged pursuit and arrest of Slobodan Milosevic, the hunt for simple solutions has often served to vague the Balkans' complicated heritage. maybe such a lot strangely, no ebook has centred explicitly at the position faith has performed within the conflicts that proceed to torment southeastern Europe. according to quite a lot of South Slav assets and formerly unpublished, usually personal files from communist country information, in addition to at the author's personal on-the-ground adventure, Balkan Idols explores the political function and impact of Serbian Orthodox, Croatian Catholic, and Yugoslav Muslim spiritual companies over the process the final century. Vjekoslav Perica emphatically rejects the proposal "clash of civilizations" has performed a crucial position in fomenting aggression. He unearths no compelling facts of an upsurge in non secular fervor one of the common inhabitants. really, he concludes, the first spiritual avid gamers within the conflicts were activist clergy. This activism, Perica argues, allowed the clergy to imagine political energy with out the responsibility confronted via democratically-elected officers. What emerges from Perica's account is a deeply nuanced knowing of the heritage and way forward for one among Europes such a lot unstable areas.
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Extra info for Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States (Religion and Global Politics)
Catholicism conditioned legitimation by concordat. For the Catholic Church and ethnic Croats, the new state was initially a necessity because Catholic Croats and Slovenes would have become minorities in several states: Italy, Austria, and Serbia. Nevertheless, the new state was also an opportunity for the expansion of Catholicism. ”6 Back then, conversion of the Orthodox was ofﬁcial Vatican policy, not to be changed prior to 1965. Facing the conspicuous showing of the Serbian Orthodox Church, Croat bishops and prominent laymen labored on developing a secular political force, namely, the Croatian Catholic (Lay) Movement, inaugurated as early as 1903 under the leadership of the bishop of Krk, Anton Mahnicˇ.
Sacred sites,” wrote Peter van der Veer, “are . . the physical evidence of the perennial existence of the religious community and, by nationalist expansion, of the nation. . ”9 Myth In the modern era, forms of spiritual life have changed. Patriotic sentiments and national identities seem to have been by far more powerful as social forces, as well as individual emotions, than the beliefs in a heavenly God, angels, theologies, and religious myths that modern societies organized as nation-states inherited from antiquity.
Croatian Catholicism In contrast to the development of the Serbian “ethnic” church, always tied to the Serbian states, the process of “ethnicization” or “nativization” of Catholicism in Croatia and the Croat-populated areas of BosniaHerzegovina began and steadily advanced only in the second half of the nineteenth century. A number of Croat native priests excelled as patriots, even though most bishops were foreigners. For example, Croat native priests, or glagoljasˇi, used the Glagolitic alphabet and Church Slavonic language in worship services; the founder of Croatian literature, Marko Marulic´ (1450–1524), wrote and published both in Latin and in the vernacular; Jesuit Bartol Kasˇic´ in 1604 published the ﬁrst Croatian morphology and the Dominican Rajmund Da- , , mjanic´ created in 1639 the ﬁrst Croatian orthography; the Franciscan Andrija Kacˇic´-Miosˇic´ wrote poetry in vernacular in 1756; and the remarkable Franciscan monk-priests were guardians of Croat ethnic communities in Bosnia-Herzegovina under Ottoman rule; anti-Turkish ﬁghters such priest Marko Mesic´ and Luka Ibrisˇimovic´ nineteenth-century patriotic clerics such as Strossmayer, Dobrila, and Pavlinovic´, who defended Croatian identity and championed South Sea Unity, and so on.
Balkan Idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States (Religion and Global Politics) by Vjekoslav Perica