By Sharon Marcus
Ladies in Victorian England wore jewellery made of every one other's hair and wrote poems celebrating many years of friendship. They pored over magazines that defined the damaging pleasures of corporal punishment. a number of had sexual relationships with one another, exchanged earrings and vows, willed one another estate, and lived jointly in long term partnerships defined as marriages. yet, as Sharon Marcus exhibits, those girls weren't obvious as gender outlaws. Their wishes have been fanned by way of shopper tradition, and their friendships and unions have been authorized or even inspired by means of relations, society, and church. faraway from being sexless angels outlined basically by way of male wishes, Victorian ladies overtly loved or even dominating different girls. Their friendships helped detect the proper of companionate love among women and men celebrated via novels, and their unions inspired politicians and social thinkers to reform marriage law.
via a detailed exam of literature, memoirs, letters, household magazines, and political debates, Marcus finds how relationships among ladies have been a very important section of femininity. Deeply researched, powerfully argued, and full of unique readings of widely used and remarkable assets, Between Women overturns every thing we suggestion we knew approximately Victorian ladies and the historical past of marriage and family members existence. It bargains a brand new paradigm for theorizing gender and sexuality--not simply within the Victorian interval, yet in our own.
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Additional info for Between Women: Friendship, Desire, and Marriage in Victorian England
Health and social outcomes. Social outcomes constitute the highest level and possibly the ultimate goal for public health and health promotion interventions. They include quality of life, functional independence and equity. Underpinning these are more narrowly defined physical and mental health outcomes which include mortality, morbidity and disability. • Intermediate health outcomes. This level is concerned with the determinants of health and social outcomes. It includes health behaviours, environmental influences (physical, social and economic), and access to and use of services.
The school cancer education programme could later enhance the response to a breast screening programme targeted at adults. Green (1977) refers to the delay of impact noted above as the sleeper effect. The phenomenon of decay in impact once a programme has come to an end is well recognized. 7 Source: Green and Camidge (2001). 1. Green refers to this decay in impact over time as the backsliding effect. He also identifies three additional time-dependent effects: • Borrowing from the future or trigger effect.
An objective always describes what the important conditions (if any) are under which the performance is to occur. 3. Criterion. Wherever possible, an objective describes the criterion of acceptable performance by describing how well the learner must perform in order to be considered acceptable. We might therefore rephrase the example as: 50 per cent people who have satisfactorily completed the exercise on prescription programme will report, when asked, taking part in moderate activity for 30 minutes a day at least five times a week, six months after completion of the programme.
Between Women: Friendship, Desire, and Marriage in Victorian England by Sharon Marcus