Download Bioceramics by James F. Shackelford PDF

By James F. Shackelford

ISBN-10: 9056996126

ISBN-13: 9789056996123

Provides a finished survey of the sphere of bioceramics, from the heritage of biomaterials, regularly, and bioceramics, specifically, to the trendy stories of biomimetics. the most sections/chapters of the ebook concentrate on the composition of 9 forms of bioceramics (Al2O3-based, ZrO2-based, different basic oxides, hydroxyapatite, different calcium salts, silicate ceramics, silicate glasses, glass ceramics, ceramic- matrix composites) and the clinical functions of those fabrics in orthopaedics, dentistry and the therapy of cancerous tumors. Bioceramics will entice ceramic and mechanical engineers, clinical and dental pros, and scholars of advanced-level classes in similar fields.

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Applications of the in situ irradiations, however, have led to significantly longer survival times. Doses as high as 15,000 rads can be safely delivered by this technique. Also, there are minimum side effects, contributing to an improved quality of life for the patients. 5 illustrates the glass bead treatment system. 5 Schematic illustration of radioactive glass microspheres injected into the hepatic artery and carried by the blood stream into the liver. 2 Bone Tumor Treatment by Ferromagnetic Heating An alternate approach to cancer treatment using bioceramics is the incorporation of a ferromagnetic phase which allows the killing of cancer cells by local heating.

More specifically, alumina is associated with minimal scar formation. As will be seen in Chapter 6, scar formation prevents the mechanical bonding of bone to a porous implant surface. The specifics of hip replacement surgery will be described in Chapter 6. In essence, the natural ball-and-socket geometry of the hip is replaced by synthetic 24 BIOCERAMICS materials. In Europe, both the ball and socket are often fabricated of alumina. This design is stimulated by the exceptionally low friction and wear of the alumina-on-alumina system.

2) During the materials development phase, composite specimens were implanted into 25 mm defects in the forelimbs of several adult dogs. Ceramic composites, both with and without bone marrow additions, showed excellent results providing complete union as demonstrated by radiographic inspection and good mechanical integrity as indicated by post-implantation torque tests. Scanning electron microscopy of the explanted specimens indicated extensive infiltration of new bone trabeculae directly onto the ceramic, as well as the resorption of TCP particles.

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Bioceramics by James F. Shackelford

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