By Vladimír Klíma, Karel František Růžička, Petr Zima (auth.)
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Additional resources for Black Africa: Literature and Language
The gap between the readers of "vernacular" literatures and Standard English literatures is actually not so very wide. E. literature, if good, cheaply-published and well-distributed, may easily find its way to such people. On the other hand, the gap between the vernacular lit81aturc and intellectual readers of Standard English is much more profound. Apart from several professionals, this author rarely discovered in the Africa of the 1960'b an intellectual who was proud of and-to some extent at least-fond of the literature in his own "vernacular".
Particular varieties of this standard language development process are described and dealt with in various sections of this book, in connection with the factors affecting literary development in various areas of Black Africa. On the other hand, an analysis of' certain similarities and dissimilarties of these "paths" towards standardization within the broader context oflanguage/society correspondences-especially at the level of large social communities and entire language systems-enables us to modify or verify certain sociolinguistic patterns which are common in other areas and which were supposed, until fairly recently, to be generally valid.
Although particular correspondences between certain historical, sociolinguistic and socio-cultural or even political periods of the development of languages and literatures in Black Africa can certainly be observed, these criteria have mutually interfered and intersected each other in different periods of language and literature development. 1 The opportunities prevailing in the lengthy and often slow process of a spontaneous choice of literary languages were obviously different in the pre-colonial· and colonial periods.
Black Africa: Literature and Language by Vladimír Klíma, Karel František Růžička, Petr Zima (auth.)