By Carter Vaughn Findley
From the author's preface: elegant Porte--there needs to be few phrases extra redolent, even this day, of the fascination that the Islamic heart East has lengthy exercised over Western imaginations. but there also needs to be few Western minds that now be aware of what this time period refers to, or why it has any declare to cognizance. One present-day heart East specialist admits to having lengthy interpreted the expression as a connection with Istambul's appropriate common harbor. This person will not be distinct and will might be declare to be fairly good expert. whilst the chic Porte nonetheless existed, Westerners who hung out in Istanbul knew the time period as a designation for the Ottoman govt, yet few knew why the identify was once used, or what point of the Ottoman govt it competently precise. What was once the genuine elegant Porte? used to be it a firm? A development? not more, actually, than a door or gateway? What approximately it used to be very important adequate to reason the identify to be remembered?
In one experience, the aim of this publication is to reply to those questions. after all, it's going to additionally do even more and may, within the strategy, movement speedy onto a airplane fairly diverse from the exoticism simply invoked. For to review the bureaucratic advanced appropriately often called the chic Porte, and to investigate its evolution and that of the physique of fellows who staffed it, is to discover an issue of super importance for the improvement of the executive associations of the Ottoman Empire, the Islamic lands quite often, and in a few senses the total non-Westerrn world.
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Additional resources for Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789-1922 (Princeton Studies on the Near East)
78 This runs counter 77 Examples of studies which have seen the West as the paradigm for development and modernization include David E. Apter, The Politics of Modernization (Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1965); Rostow, W. , The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto (2nd edn, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1971). S. N. Eisenstadt, ‘Multiple Modernities’, Daedalus, 129 (2000), pp. 1–29, is an example of more recent scholarship which challenges the literature of the postWWII decades.
J. B. Déléspine, 1735), esp. vol. IV, pp. 390–1. 47 Rycaut, Present State of the Ottoman Empire, pp. 129–31. 26 Ottoman Puritanism and its Discontents Rycaut, who spent eighteen years in the Ottoman lands as a diplomat, describes the Qāḍīzādelis as a recently evolved sect in Turkish lands, a dangerous one in his estimation because of the ability they had to stir up the masses into rebellion. His contempt for the movement is perhaps explained by his diplomatic role, and by the fact that his account was probably informed by members of Ottoman high ofﬁcialdom.
Birgili, who critiqued the cash-waqf system,62 is a good example of a scholar who does not ﬁt neatly into either category and therefore serves to highlight how problematic this approach to Ottoman intellectual history is. Birgili’s position on the cash-waqf—that it was a dangerous deviation from the Sharīʿa—should, according to Kafadar’s categories, be understood as an example of ‘Sharīʿa-minded’ reform. In contradistinction, the support of the Shaykh al-Islām of the time, Abū l-Suʿūd Efendi (d.
Bureaucratic Reform in the Ottoman Empire: The Sublime Porte, 1789-1922 (Princeton Studies on the Near East) by Carter Vaughn Findley