By S.J. Mazzullo, H.H. Rieke, G.V. Chilingarian
This moment quantity on carbonate reservoirs completes the two-volume treatise in this vital subject for petroleum engineers and geologists. jointly, the volumes shape a whole, sleek connection with the houses and construction behaviour of carbonate petroleum reservoirs.The publication includes worthy glossaries to geologic and petroleum engineering phrases offering detailed definitions for writers and audio system. teachers will discover a necessary appendix dedicated to questions and difficulties that may be used for instructing assignments in addition to a consultant for lecture improvement. furthermore, there's a bankruptcy dedicated to middle research of carbonate rocks that's excellent for laboratory instruction.Managers and construction engineers will discover a assessment of the newest laboratory know-how for carbonate formation review within the bankruptcy on middle research. the trendy category of carbonate rocks is gifted with petroleum construction functionality and total characterization utilizing seismic and good try analyses. Separate chapters are dedicated to the $64000 evidently fractured and chalk reservoirs.Throughout the ebook, the emphasis is on formation assessment and performance.This two-volume paintings brings jointly the wide range of methods to the examine of carbonate reservoirs and should for that reason be of price to managers, engineers, geologists and teachers
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Extra info for Carbonate Reservoir Characterization: A Geologic-Engineering Analysis
A method developed by Hazebroek et al. (1958) appears to apply well to carbonate reservoirs (Felsenthal and Ferrell, 1972). O0708(Pw-p)(kh/il~w), (1-25) where r is the external boundary radius, ft; rwiS the wellbore radius, ft; i is the stabilized injection rate, bbl/D, before pressure falloff testing; and/~wiS the viscosity of the water, cP. If the skin factor is negative, one may assume that r is in effect larger than the originally assumed value based on hole size. The effective wellbore radius, rw~, which later must be substituted into all injectivity prediction equations, can then be evaluated by setting s = 0.
Waterflooding and enhanced recovery, as well as primary recovery projects that are undertaken without proper planning and/or a detailed reservoir evaluation often end in failure. These failures can be related to flow barriers (often expressed as microscopic boundaries, such as shale baffles or macroscopic compartmentalization, such as compartments formed by sealing faults in a reservoir), permeability heterogeneities, or wrong estimates on the distribution of reservoir fluids. It is difficult to generalize the impact of a given heterogeneity owing to the large variety of heterogeneity classes.
Microscopic examination indicated that the reservoir rock in Field F is made up of a large number of small, irregularly shaped pieces of fractured chert cemented by calcite with intergranular porosity. 3%. High porosity may have been one reason for the steepness of the curve (Felsenthal and Ferrell, 1972). A trend of increasing steepness ofk/k curves with increasing poros. g o lty values had been observed previously for sandstones (Felsenthal, 1959). Felsenthal and Ferrell (1972) emphasized that the calculations based on Eqs.
Carbonate Reservoir Characterization: A Geologic-Engineering Analysis by S.J. Mazzullo, H.H. Rieke, G.V. Chilingarian