By Charles A. Frazee
This publication surveys the kinfolk among Catholics inside and outside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the autumn of Constantinople the one huge Latin Catholic workforce to be integrated into the sultan's area have been the Genoese who lived in Galata, around the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the following few many years Turkish armies driven into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic inhabitants of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. within the Orient, the 16th century observed the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and lots of the Greek islands, which as soon as held Latin Catholic groups, come below Turkish rule. Papal reaction to the lack of those groups used to be first and foremost a decision to the campaign, yet reaction from West ecu monarchs used to be disappointing. Their matters have been towards domestic. French curiosity, in spite of the fact that, lay in an alliance with the Turks opposed to the Habsburgs. As an advantage, the Catholics of the Ottoman global obtained a protector on the Porte within the individual of the French ambassador. The booklet strains the following heritage of the Latin Catholics and every of the japanese Catholic church buildings within the Ottoman Empire until eventually its dissolution in 1923.
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Extra info for Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453-1923
Yet, although the Franciscans had permission to remain and the Bosnians were allowed to practise their religion, the number of friars declined and thousands of peasants, fearful of Muslim rule, emigrated to Habsburg territory. This depopulation enabled Turks and Serbs to settle the abandoned land and so to change considerably the religious profile of Bosnia. 6 A number of Catholic prisoners were taken from Bosnia and northern Albania and brought to Istanbul as slaves. One of these was Andreas of Chios, who was accused before the Turkish authorities of having once been a Muslim.
Bartolomeo had become archbishop of Nakhichevan in 1344 because of the strong growth of the Unitors and the congregations they served, then numbering 15,000 people. During Selim's war with Shah Ismail, Catholic Armenians, caught in the middle, suffered severe losses. 2 The depredations caused by the constant warfare on Armenian soil had also affected the catholicos of Echmiadzin. In 1547 Catholicos Stefon V of Salamas resigned in desperation over the harsh treatment of his people by Muslim rulers.
A week later the French consul at Alexandria came to Cairo to bargain for their release, but it was too late. 37 30 After the conquest of Constantinople By the end of Siileyman's reign, the Catholics inside Ottoman boundaries enjoyed relative freedom and stability in the practice of their religion. Although the Ottoman sultans, from Mehmet II to Siileyman, could have closed the capital's churches and expelled the Catholic population at a moment's notice, they did not. Toleration continued even in the face of difficult and prolonged conflicts with Western Catholic powers and almost constant papal calls for a crusade.
Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453-1923 by Charles A. Frazee