By Mario T. García
Chicano Catholicism - either as a well-liked faith and a starting place for neighborhood organizing - has, during the last century, encouraged Chicano resistance to exterior forces of oppression and discrimination together with from different non-Mexican Catholics or even the institutionalized church. Chicano Catholics have extensively utilized their religion to claim their specific id and identify a type of cultural citizenship. established completely on unique learn and resources, Mario T. Garcia the following bargains the 1st significant old examine to discover a number of the dimensions of the position of Catholicism in Chicano historical past within the 20th century. this is often additionally one of many first major experiences within the nonetheless restricted box of Chicano non secular history.Topics variety from how early Chicano Catholic intellectuals and civil rights leaders have been inspired via Catholic Social Doctrine, to the position that renowned faith has performed within the lives of standard women and men in either rural and concrete parts. Garcia additionally examines faith-based Chicano neighborhood activities like Catolicos Por los angeles Raza within the Sixties and the Sanctuary flow in l. a. within the Nineteen Eighties. whereas Latino/a background and tradition has been, for the main half, inextricably associated with the tenets and practices of Catholicism, there was little or no written, till lately, approximately Chicano Catholic background. Garcia is helping to fill that void and discover the influence - either optimistic and adverse - that the Catholic adventure has had at the Chicano neighborhood.
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Extra resources for Catolicos: Resistance and Affirmation in Chicano Catholic History
55 By struggling to maintain, adapt, and pass on particular ethnic religious traditions, Chicanos likewise have afﬁrmed their identity and religious culture. ” 56 The interrelated themes of resistance and afﬁrmation, at the same time, coincide with the broader historical experiences of Chicanos in the United States as they resist discrimination and exploitation and afﬁrm their ethnic and cultural identity. Indeed, in my own work in Chicano history, these themes are manifest in my focus on such issues as civil rights and labor struggles, political representation, community leadership, and personal efforts to construct Chicano identity.
Through his research in early Church documents and in his impressive annotation of the archives of the archdiocese of Santa Fe from 1678 to 1900, Chávez documented the origins of American history in New Mexico. He proposed that New Mexico and its native Hispano population possessed a history because they could document it. Here the role of the Church as the guardian of historical identity was crucial. ” 30 The religious nature of this history validated for Fray Angélico the Hispano experience. 31 This is not to say that Fray Angélico was simply using religion to discuss ethnicity, but rather that for him religion and ethnicity in the case of New Mexico’s colonial history were one and the same.
It is this narrative that over the past three decades has been countered by oppositional narratives. S. historical identity stressing not one major ethnic community but multiple ones. Oppositional historical narratives depicting the roles of Native Americans, African Americans, Spanish/Mexican Americans (Chicanos) as well as Euro-American women and Euro-American working-class peoples have affected the way we are redeﬁning American history. Such narratives are not or should not be intended to eliminate the Anglo-American role, but to put it into perspective by recognizing the heterogeneous nature of the American experience.
Catolicos: Resistance and Affirmation in Chicano Catholic History by Mario T. García