By Robert A. Smiley
As chemical businesses try to be extra aggressive on the earth economic system, it's crucial that their staff, together with revenues and advertising team of workers, in addition to administrative aid teams comprehend the elemental thoughts of the technology upon which the relies. The authors, who've over a hundred years of mixed adventure within the chemical undefined, constructed this easy-to-read publication to supply a basic figuring out of the chemical for non-chemists and people poised to go into the chemical occupation. Designed in particular for self-study, Chemistry and the Chemical undefined: a pragmatic advisor for Non-Chemists studies the $64000 facets of business chemistry in a manner that may be simply understood whether you haven't taken any formal chemistry classes. The authors supply a transparent, concise presentation of the main concerns at the back of the chemical self-discipline in addition to key definitions and ideas so that you can effortlessly receive an appreciation of the character of the and its contribution to society. even if you're not on the lab bench, you'll comprehend, realize, and partake in discussions concerning the paintings being performed at your organization. Compiled in a simple and available demeanour, this ebook is exclusive in that it bridges the distance among nonscientific staff and the medical international during which they operate.The first bankruptcy starts with an outline of the chemical undefined. It defines the most typical phrases utilized in chemistry, drawing on nonscientific analogies at any time when attainable. within the following chapters, the authors assessment the recommendations and terminology of natural and inorganic chemistry, polymer chemistry, excessive quantity chemical substances, and environmental matters approximately chemical creation with each one topic awarded as a image illustration followed by means of an outline. eventually, there's a brief compilation of common details assets for extra research. Chemistry and the Chemical undefined: a realistic consultant for Non-Chemists will let you converse successfully inside of your company and turn into extra accustomed to this important undefined.
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Extra resources for Chemistry and the Chemical Industry. A Practical Guide for Non-Chemists
Commercial grades Reagent grade nitric acid is 68–71% in water. Grades over 80% are called “fuming” nitric acid. Special concentration blends are available. Uses The largest use is in the manufacture of fertilizers. ) and the starting materials for polyurethane elastomers and paints. Manufacture Ammonia is burned over a catalyst to a mixture of nitrogen oxides which when reacted with water produces nitric acid. R. Simplot Co. Nitric acid is the principal reagent (chemical reactant) used to introduce nitrogen into other chemicals for not only the uses listed but also for dye and pharmaceutical intermediates, agricultural chemicals, and many others.
Elsewhere in the world it is made by the “Solvay” process, which uses limestone and salt as raw materials. Calcium chloride is a byproduct of the Solvay process. , Solvay Minerals, General Chemical, OCI Wyoming, IMC, TG Soda Ash. Less than half as much energy is needed to recover sodium carbonate from ores as it is to make it synthetically. The environmental impact is also less. S. Sodium carbonate undergoes many of the same reactions as sodium hydroxide, for example, the formation of salts when contacted with acids.
Carbon is unique because: • Each atom combines with four other atoms • Forms chains of atoms: Open chains Closed chains (rings) Combination of open and closed chains • Combines with atoms of other elements Organic compounds make up more than 95% of all the chemical compounds known to exist. One reason for this is that carbon is unlike all other elements. It can form chemical bonds to connect (become bonded) with four other atoms. This ability to connect with other atoms (form bonds) is called valence.
Chemistry and the Chemical Industry. A Practical Guide for Non-Chemists by Robert A. Smiley