By Biray Kolluoglu, Meltem Toksöz
In this formidable inter-disciplinary research, the authors research the relationships among the jap Mediterranean port towns and their hinterlands in addition to inland and provincial towns from many alternative views - political, monetary, foreign and ecological - with out prioritizing both Ottoman Anatolia, or the Ottoman Balkans, or the Arab provinces for you to reflect on the jap Mediterranean international as a coherent complete. via its penetrating research of some of the networks that attached the ports and cities of the Mediterranean and their population during the Ottoman interval, towns of the Mediterranean provides the quarter as a unified and dynamic group and paves the way in which for a brand new figuring out of the subject.
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Extra resources for Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the Present Day
4 This double movement not only altered the vegetal make-up of the basin, but also altered its economic center of gravity. Unlike the exotic crops of the fourteenth and fifteen centuries, which thrived on the coastal plains and in the valleys of the Inner Sea, the new set of crops of the sixteenth century came to occupy its slopes and hillsides. Economic devolution thus altered the basic contours of the Mediterranean landscape. Initially, the loss of economic activity that resulted from the departure of crops such as sugar and cotton from the eastern flanks of the basin was more than compensated by the growing significance of the spice trade, especially in the fifteenth century.
Together with mounting demand for raw materials, these twin developments opened up plains to continual tillage, increased the arable land and, hence, cereal production. Port-cities that had served the rich trades in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and later turned into regional centers of collection and distribution for local goods found themselves rejuvenated by the onset of the boom in cereal and cotton production from the mid-nineteenth century onwards. Maps and Wars: Charting the Mediterranean in the Sixteenth Century Carla Keyvanian The number of studies about historical maps has sharply increased in the last two decades.
In other words, in concert with the commercial rearrangements precipitated by the gradual withdrawal of Venice from her strongholds in the Levant, the Ottoman Empire’s economic heart was no ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGICAL CHANGE 31 longer beating along the shores of the Mediterranean, but pumping toward a more northerly direction, along the coastlines of the Aegean and the Black Sea. The restructuring of economic networks north of the Alps to the benefit of overland trade placed Ottoman Europe at the heart of the empire’s economic life, much to the disadvantage of the Levant.
Cities of the Mediterranean: From the Ottomans to the Present Day by Biray Kolluoglu, Meltem Toksöz