By Vijay K. Maker, Edgar D. Guzman-Arrieta
This textual content is prepared by way of organ approach and the illustrations spotlight surgical pearls borne of expertise and polished by way of the examine of pertinent references. Hand-drawn and illustrated figures express certain anatomical relationships as we see them in-vivo. A question/answer structure augments the photographs to permit the reader to actively consider the subject and to appraise his/her wisdom in that zone. The dialogue sections attempt to give an explanation for not just what the proper resolution is, but in addition why the distractors are mistaken, that allows you to inspire dialogue and self-reflection.
Cognitive Pearls generally Surgery info the categorical proposal procedures and institutions that underlie the certainty of the themes to hand, with the cause of bettering the joys and delight that basically an educated and well-grounded perform of surgical procedure can provide.
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Additional info for Cognitive Pearls in General Surgery
In these cases, the right subclavian originates from the dorsal aorta after the origin of the left subclavian and crosses to the right behind the trachea and esophagus Answer b 30 1 The Neck 15. Regarding thyroid surgery all of the following are correct except: (a) When the recurrent laryngeal nerve passes between the branches of the inferior thyroid artery, such branches must be individually ligated and divided. (b) Inadvertent injury to the vagus nerve may cause symptoms mimicking those of recurrent laryngeal nerve injury.
20). The lymph nodes of the neck are grouped as follows [24, 25]: Level I: • IA Submental • IB Submandibular Level II – Upper jugular group: • IIA Anteroinferior to the spinal accessory nerve • IIB Posterosuperior to the spinal accessory nerve Level III – Middle jugular group Level IV – Lower jugular group Level V – Posterior triangle group: • VA Superior to the cricoid cartilage • VB Inferior to the cricoid cartilage Level VI – Central anterior neck group Level VII – Anterior superior mediastinal nodes (Figs.
At the same time, since the artery has to cross behind the esophagus to reach the right side, it may cause extrinsic compression of the latter, producing dysphagia lusoria (Fig. 16). Nonrecurrence of the left laryngeal nerve is most often associated with a right aortic arch. 1 The Neck 27 Fig. 14 The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve is the conductor that prepares the orchestra by tensing the vocal cords. A few microseconds later the recurrent laryngeal nerve starts the orchestra playing music through all the other muscles of phonation 28 1 The Neck Fig.
Cognitive Pearls in General Surgery by Vijay K. Maker, Edgar D. Guzman-Arrieta