Download Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and by Frederick Charles Copleston PDF

By Frederick Charles Copleston

ISBN-10: 0826465072

ISBN-13: 9780826465078

Among them, the hobbies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism ruled philosophy in Europe for far of the twentieth century, and the impression they exerted can nonetheless be felt this day. during this book Frederick Copleston presents an in depth and aim creation to those hugely debatable parts of contemporary inspiration. initially written in 1956, and revised in 1972, it explores the paintings of a number of the most crucial thinkers of the 20 th century, together with Ayer, Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Sartre and Camus. Written in a transparent and available type, this e-book should still turn out priceless to an individual trying to find a normal advent to both of those influential philosophical events.

Show description

Read Online or Download Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism PDF

Best existentialism books

Works of Love

One among Soren Kierkegaard's most vital writings, Works of affection is a profound exam of the human center, within which the good thinker conducts the reader into the inmost secrets and techniques of affection. "Deep inside each man," Kierkegaard writes, "there lies the dread of being by myself on the planet, forgotten through God, neglected one of the family of hundreds of thousands upon hundreds of thousands.

The Seducer's Diary

"In the titanic literature of affection, The Seducer's Diary is an complicated curiosity--a feverishly highbrow try and reconstruct an erotic failure as a pedagogic good fortune, a wound masked as a boast," observes John Updike in his foreword to Søren Kierkegaard''s narrative. This paintings, a bankruptcy from Kierkegaard''s first significant quantity, Either/Or, springs from his courting together with his fiancée, Regine Olsen.

Existence: A New Dimension in Psychiatry and Psychology

THIS publication represents the fruition of 4 years' hard work so much of it, thankfully, a hard work of affection. the belief of translating those papers, originating with Ernest Angel, was once welcomed by means of uncomplicated Books due to their enthusiasm for bringing out major new fabric within the sciences of guy. i used to be completely satisfied to simply accept their invitation to take part as one of many editors given that I, too, had lengthy been confident of the significance of constructing those works on hand in English, fairly at this important second within the improvement of contemporary psychiatry and psychology.

Extra info for Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism

Sample text

Accordingly, if he makes the statement that absolute being exists, this must, for psychological reasons (omitting all consideration of immediate intuition or of revelation) be due to his recognition of some aspect or feature of empirical reality, reflection on which leads him to make the statement. If, then, the statement is made that absolute being exists, one can, in a sense, " derive " the statement that at least one contingent being exists, not because one can logically deduce the latter statement from the former statement, but because the existence of absolute being could not be normally known or thought of unless the existence of contingent being were first recognized.

And if this condition cannot be fulfilled, the metaphysical statement will be excluded from the class of meaningful statements. But this procedure obviously lies open to the objection that a nonmeaningful statement is here taken to be equivalent to a non-scientific statement. The metaphysician might then comment that he never intended to make a scientific statement and that if the positivist cares to assert that a metaphysical statement is meaningless because it is not a scientific statement, he is using the terms "meaningful" and "meaningless" in a technical sense which he is quite free to adopt if he chooses, but which nobody else can be compelled to accept and which gives rise to unnecessary confusion.

But I willingly admit that the problem of " the meaning of meaning " is a real problem, and that it is not simply the instance of tiresome word-play that it has sometimes been represented as being. When it comes to ethical statements, however, I must confess that I find it difficult to see how a really plausible case can be made out for saying that such statements are " meaningless," or, more accurately, that they have only emotional significance. It has been argued that ethical statements cannot be meaningless, since we can argue, and do argue, concerning the rightness and wrongness of actions.

Download PDF sample

Contemporary Philosophy: Studies of Logical Positivism and Existentialism by Frederick Charles Copleston


by Kevin
4.2

Rated 4.71 of 5 – based on 50 votes