By Peter J. Cook, Chris M. Carleton
Article seventy six of the United international locations conference at the legislations of the ocean lays down the principles and laws governing claims to a continental shelf past two hundred nautical miles for the a hundred thirty coastal States and entities that experience ratified or acceded to it. This publication is designed to assist these coastal States enforce the provisions of Article seventy six, masking the technical concerns concerned and explaining the interface among the felony suggestions contained in the article. It covers all elements that may must be thought of by way of a coastal nation if it needs to make a declare less than the conference, together with the features of continental margins, distance decision, bathymetric facts assortment. geological and geophysical concepts, and boundary conditions.
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Extra resources for Continental Shelf Limits: The Scientific and Legal Interface
4b) that produce the broad continental margins that are most relevant to article 76 and the definition of extended "legal" continental shelf beyond 200 M. Geology of Continental Margins Suess (1885) first introduced the terms Atlantic margin and Pacific margin to emphasize what he saw as fundamental differences between the wide coastal plains, steady subsidence, and thick layer-cake sediments of the margins of the Atlantic Ocean, and the folded mountain belts, island arcs, and volcanism of the margins of the Pacific Ocean.
Convergent, active, seismic or Pacific iii. Transform, translational or sheared Transform margins can occur in both divergent and convergent settings. However, most of the transform margins that are relevant to article 76 and the definition of extended continental shelf are those related to divergent settings. Consequently, in this chapter, the discus- sion of transform margins will be placed within the section on divergent margins. It should also be noted that marginal or back-arc basins associated with convergent margins have many similarities with divergent margins.
01X thickness of sediment must be present. An exception, not mentioned in article 76, to the aforementioned criterion, as well as to paragraph 4(a)(ii), is contained in the Statement of Understanding Concerning a Specific Method to Be Used in Establishing the Outer Edge of the Continental Margin. This Statement of Understanding, which was intended to address the unique situation found in part of the Bay of Bengal, is discussed in chapter 19. The sediment thickness formula, which during the negotiations was referred to as the "Irish Formula", was developed by P.
Continental Shelf Limits: The Scientific and Legal Interface by Peter J. Cook, Chris M. Carleton