By Alf Gunvald Nilsen
This booklet offers with the controversies on developmental elements of huge dams, with a selected concentrate on the Narmada Valley initiatives in India. in line with huge ethnographic fieldwork and learn, the writer attracts on Marxist concept to craft a close research of ways neighborhood calls for for resettlement and rehabilitation have been remodeled right into a radical anti-dam crusade associated with nationwide and transnational move networks.
The booklet explains the Narmada clash and addresses how the construction of the anti-dam crusade was once lively by way of tactics of collective studying, how activists prolonged the spatial scope in their fight by means of construction networks of harmony with transnational advocacy teams, and the way it really is embedded in and formed by means of a much wider box of strength of capitalist improvement at nationwide and transnational scales. The research emphasizes how the Narmada dam undertaking is said to nationwide and international tactics of capitalist improvement, and relates the Narmada Valley circulation to modern renowned struggles opposed to dispossession in India and past.
Conclusions drawn from the resistance to the Narmada dams will be utilized to social events in different components of the worldwide South, the place individuals are suffering opposed to dispossession in a context of neoliberal restructuring. As such, this booklet could have relevance for individuals with an curiosity in South Asian stories, Indian politics and improvement Studies.
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Extra resources for Dispossession and Resistance in India: The River and the Rage
Thus the report concludes: large numbers of Madhya Pradesh oustees cannot expect to regain their standard of living as a result of resettlement and rehabilitation . . many oustees can expect to experience a substantial loss of economic status; the expectation is that they will go from having land to being landless. : 196) Ten years later, the Housing and Land Rights Network of the Habitat International Coalition who reviewed the impact of submergence in 2002 passed a scathing verdict on the implementation of R&R in Madhya Pradesh.
In this chapter I develop a perspective that seeks to avoid such ahistorical reifications of displacement and its impacts by analyzing the Narmada dams in terms of how the unequal distribution of benefits and costs that attach to the project constitute a case of ‘accumulation by dispossession’ (Harvey 2003, 2005). 2 The central contention of my argument is this: the distributional bias of the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) and the Maheshwar Hydroelectric Project (MHP) is expressive of a ‘dual transformation’ where (a) property rights in water and electricity, as well as profitable investment opportunities, are concentrated in the hands of regional, national and global propertied elites, and (b) the displacement of peasant producers from their land without adequate resettlement and rehabilitation (R&R) generates pressures towards proletarianization.
On the eve of Independence, power generation in India was largely in private hands. However, the Electricity Supply Act of 1948 established that all further developments in the power sector were to take place under state control. States and territories constituted their own vertically integrated entities or State Electricity Boards (SEBs). By the early 1990s, SEBs were in control of more than 70 per cent of India’s power generation, and virtually all of its distribution. In some important respects, this was a very successful strategy in that ‘the pre-1991 institutional arrangements were remarkably effective in accelerating the development of electricity services in India’ (Dubash and Rajan 2001: 3).
Dispossession and Resistance in India: The River and the Rage by Alf Gunvald Nilsen