By Michael Gill
Why is the sexuality of individuals with highbrow disabilities usually deemed “risky” or “inappropriate” by way of lecturers, mom and dad, help employees, doctors, judges, and the media? may still sexual citizenship depend upon IQ? Confronting such questions head-on, Already Doing It exposes the “sexual ableism” that denies the truth of people who, regardless of the constraints they face, actively make judgements approximately their sexual lives.
Tracing the heritage of efforts within the usa to restrict the sexual freedoms of such persons⎯using tools equivalent to compelled sterilization, invasive contraception, and gender-segregated residing arrangements—Michael Gill demonstrates that those common practices stemmed from dominant perspectives of disabled sexuality, now not least the suggestion that intellectually disabled ladies are excessively sexual and fertile whereas their male opposite numbers are sexually predatory. interpreting felony discourses, intercourse schooling fabrics, and information tales going again to the Seventies, he indicates, for instance, that the serious specialize in “stranger danger” in intercourse schooling for intellectually disabled members disregards their skill to independently opt for actions and sexual partners—including nonheterosexual ones, who're often handled with heightened suspicion. He additionally examines moral matters surrounding masturbation education that goals to manage individuals’ sexual lives, demanding situations the conception that these whose sexuality is managed (or rejected) are not reproduce, and proposes attractiveness of the correct to develop into mom and dad for adults with highbrow disabilities.
A powerfully argued demand sexual and reproductive justice for individuals with highbrow disabilities, Already Doing It urges a shift clear of the compulsion to regulate “deviance” (better recognized this present day as damage relief) as the correct to excitement and highbrow incapacity aren't collectively unique. In so doing, it represents an important new contribution to the continuing debate over who, within the usa, can be allowed to have intercourse, reproduce, marry, and lift little ones.
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First released in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
Extra resources for Already Doing It: Intellectual Disability and Sexual Agency
Unequal power dynamics, instead of willingness, becomes one of the determinants of abuse. 54 Defining sexual abuse as an issue of power and exploitation rather than an issue of consent underscores that those who experience sexual violence do so not because of a “lack” of intelligence but rather because of unequal power dynamics that might favor professionals, family members, and staff. Unequal power dynamics point to wider social inequalities around disability as well as a reinforcement of male-dominant culture.
When the institution closed because of a reduction in state funding and pressure from disability activists, Tony moved into the community and started attending a day center, where he met Grace. After getting to know each other, Tony and Grace decide that they want to date. After a few months pass, Tony and Grace decide that they want to become sexually active with each other. Neither individual has ever received any sort of sex education. When Tony and Grace approach a staff member at the day center asking if they can receive some sort of sex education, the staff member decides that there is a need for this service.
The structure of the institution that limits individual choice and autonomy needs to be challenged in order to lessen sexual abuse. Furthermore, restructuring housing based on a single-sex model can obfuscate the reality that sexual assault still happens inside gender and sex categories, especially between men with intellectual disabilities. ” 62 While Champagne does not mention differences in the rate and type of abuse experienced along gender identities, her comment brings up important issues surrounding the frequency and duration of sexual abuse, as well as the potential for perpetrators to seek out individuals because of their apparent passivity, vulnerability, and lack of believability and cognitive ability.
Already Doing It: Intellectual Disability and Sexual Agency by Michael Gill