By Philip Thody
An historic creation to the eu Union is a chronological political background of eu integration from the Fifties to the current. it is also a contextualising survey of wider ecu background because the 1600s, and areas unification opposed to a historical past of worldwide politics. This in actual fact written advent to the fundamental historical past, economics and politics of the ecu Union assumes no earlier wisdom. It bargains an in depth account of the Union with sections on: * how the Union works * easy rules of the Union * arguments over contested practices, together with agriculture * problems with the chilly conflict, expansion, and the function of the U.S. * language * unmarried eu forex With an annotated bibliography, chronology and consultant to the associations of the eu Union, An historic advent to the ecu Union comprises the latest learn and designated therapy of the guidelines of the ecu Union.
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Extra info for An Historical Introduction to the European Union
In 1950, 75 per cent of the energy needs of Western Europe were met by coal, but by 1970, this had fallen to 20 per cent. All the economies of the industrialised world had allowed themselves to become heavily dependent upon cheap oil in a similar way, letting their coal mines run down, and refraining, for ecological reasons, from developing nuclear energy. In spite of the presence of Euratom, the success of the CAP had not been accompanied by the development of a common energy policy. The United Kingdom made it clear as soon as oil was discovered beneath the North Sea in the mid-1970s, which the increase in the world price of energy now made it worthwhile to develop, that it was for national and not general, Community use.
2 It removed all customs barriers to the sale of coal and steel among the six participating countries so much so that by 1958, and the end of the transitional period allowed for in the Treaty of Paris of April 1951, interstate trading in steel between the six member countries had increased by 151 per cent, that of coal by 21 per cent and that of iron ore by 25 per cent. Since the 1970s, the problem has been more that of managing the decline in these two traditional industries, and the Chronology has a note on how this problem was dealt with in 1980.
In the 1990s, one of the main political aims of the European Community is to ensure that the states of Eastern Europe develop a viable form of parliamentary democracy as a permanent replacement for the Communist totalitarianism from which they have just escaped. An additional political aim inspiring the creation of the first European Community, in 1958, was to build a Europe sufficiently prosperous and united to be able to stand up by itself, eventually without American help, to what was then seen as the very aggressive foreign policy of the Soviet Union.
An Historical Introduction to the European Union by Philip Thody